Friday, April 15, 2016

Indonesia Dalam Bahaya Besar

Bismillah
Adalah sebuah renungan untuk Indonesia Raya
Sekitar akhir tahun 1999 atau awal tahun 2000, diadakan rapat orang-orang Tionghoa di Universitas Atmajaya, kawasan Semanggi Jakarta.
Diprakarsai oleh Mochtar Riady dan anaknya, James Riady.
Inti dari rapat tersebut adalah bahwa penduduk di China daratan sudah mencapai hampir dua milyar orang.
Dan membutuhkan suatu negara untuk dijadikan kolonisasi (mirip jajahan).
Salah satu pilihannya adalah negara Indonesia.
Karena Indonesia termasuk luas wilayahnya, subur, kaya, dan rakyatnya relatif gampang dibodohi
Strateginya adalah ...
1. Membuat kompleks perumahan sepanjang bibir pantai laut Jawa.
Fungsinya supaya mudah menyelundupkan barang, dan yang paling penting adalah menyelundupkan orang dari China daratan melalui laut.
Langsung ke bawah kolong rumah-rumah mereka yang berada di bibir pantai.
Rumah-rumah tersebut juga berguna sebagai basis pertahanan, bila terjadi kerusuhan nanti.
Mereka bisa langsung melarikan diri ke laut dengan speed boat yang stand by di kolong rumahnya. Perhatikan dan lihatlah bentuk perumahan di Pluit, Pantai Indah Kapuk, Pantai Mutiara, Ancol.
2.Merubah UUD 1945, terutama pasal tentang Presiden harus Pribumi Asli, diganti. Cukup hanya dengan syarat bahwa yang penting Presiden harus berkewarganegaraan Indonesia.Tidak harus Pribumi Asli.
Maka orang keturunan Tionghoa atau keturunan China bisa berpeluang menjadi Presiden di Indonesia.
Memasuki tahun 2000-an, kita sering melihat di mall-mall banyak sekali counter berukuran 2x2 m2 dijaga oleh 5-6 orang China.
Yang bisa berbahasa Indonesia hanya 1 orang saja. Sisanya sedang belajar bahasa Indonesia, sambil menyesuaikan diri dengan lingkungan.
Kini setelah jokowi jadi presiden dan ahok menjadi gubernur DKI, mereka tidak ragu-ragu lagi. Dan tidak malu-malu lagi untuk menawarkan barang dagangan mereka, langsung dengan menggunakan bahasa China.
Jadi sebenarnya Jokowi itu siapa, bagi orang China?
Pasal tentang syarat menjadi Presiden Indonesia di UUD 1945 sebenarnya telah mengalami amandemen (perubahan) pada tahun 2002.
Jadi, presiden RI nanti tidak harus suku pribumi Indonesia asli.
Perlu diingat, bahwa koloni keturunan China telah berhasil merampas Singapura menjadi kolonisasi mereka.
Dan menjadikan suku asli di Singapura, yaitu suku Melayu, sebagai warga kelas
2. Dan perlu diingat juga, di tahun 1969-1970 etnis keturunan China pernah membuat kerusuhan di Malaysia.
Melakukan pembantaian terhadap orang-orang keturunan Melayu di Malaysia.
Mereka ingin menjadikan Malaysia sebagai Singapura ke-2. id.wikipedia.org/wiki/Insiden_1…Insiden 13 Mei - Wikipedia bahasa Indonesia, ensiklopedia bebas
Kerusuhan etnis China di Malaysia berhasil dipadamkan. Perdana Menteri Malaysia meminta bantuan kepada Presiden Soeharto untuk memadamkan pemberontakan etnis China tersebut.
Presiden Soeharto mengirim seseorang bernama Pitut Suharto, ahli intelijen.
Untuk bersama-sama tentara Malaysia mengakhiri pemberontakan etnis China di Malaysia.
Pernah juga pada suatu hari menjelang Idul Fitri 2015. Terjadi kerusuhan antara etnis Melayu dan etnis China di sebuah mall di Malaysia. global.liputan6.com/read/2272474/k…
Kerusuhan di Mal Ternama Malaysia, 19 Ditangkap
Sejumlah pihak khawatir kerusuhan dilandasi sentimen ras yang merupakan masalah peka di Malaysia,.
Hal ini tidak banyak dipublikasikan oleh media massa Malaysia, yang memang dikuasai oleh konglomerat China.
Kini di Indonesia, tinggal selangkah lagi JABODETABEK di-Singapura-kan.
a) Merancang JABODETABEK menjadi megapolitan. Dengan bantuan 5 pengembang besar: Agung Sedayu, Agung Podomoro, Summarecon, Lippo Group, dan Sinarmas, mereka membangun apartemen, rusunami, dan rusunawa.
Memang harga dan ongkos sewanya murah, namun biaya maintenance-nya tinggi. Biaya hidup juga tinggi. Sehingga orang pribumi tidak bisa hidup di JABODETABEK megapolitan.
Kemudian apartemen rusunami dan rusunawa diisi oleh orang-orang Tionghoa. Tinggallah orang pribumi jadi babu, satpam, OB, dan supir.
Semua bukti menyatakan kebenaran pernyataan ini. Apalagi setelah Ahok merencanakan penggusuran 130 titik pemukiman pribumi di DKI Jakarta.
Dan berniat belajar pada Singapura bagaimana cara membangun kota.
Program ini juga dimuluskan oleh Jokowi dengan langkah-langkah nyata yang lebih besar.
b) Memiskinkan rakyat Indonesia dengan berbagai cara. Terutama deregulasi serta memudahkan persyaratan untuk membuat pasar-pasar modern.
Pasar-pasar tradisional hancur berantakan dan pribumi mati kelaparan.
c) Bekerja sama dengan pemerintah China dalam segala bidang, dan menggantikan peran Amerika di Indonesia selama ini. Menjual atau menggadaikan aset-aset nasional Indonesia yang vital kepada pihak China.
d).Memasukkan buruh-buruh China berbadan kekar, karena mereka adalah tentara China. Keadaan ini mirip saat Jepang akan menyerbu Indonesia.
Mereka terlebih dulu memasukkan orang Jepang ke Indonesia, yang kelak bertugas untuk menyambut dari dalam, saat terjadi ekspansi.
e) Membiarkan kapal Induk Republik China bersandar di Natuna melalui laut China Selatan, yang berniat mencaplok Kepulauan Natuna. Dengan cara mengklaim bahwa kepulauan tersebut milik China.
f) Jokowi secara sengaja membuat ekonomi dan politik Indonesia carut marut. Untuk membuat pribumi semakin hancur berantakan, banyak pengangguran, dan jumlah orang miskin semakin besar.
Orang semacam Ahok bukanlah tanpa sengaja untuk membuat kebijakan serta bertingkah laku yang memuakkan.
Karena dia ingin memancing amarah pribumi, agar rencananya segera terlaksana.
Sekarang terserah bangsa ini maunya apa?! Melawan atau membiarkan angkara murka merajalela?

Wednesday, February 24, 2016

Sengketa Bianglala

Sengketa,
Adalah amarah
Adalah nafsu
Adalah luka
Gerimis menggantung malas
Membakar bianglala di ufuk selatan
Bianglala singsingkan lengan
Wajahnya mulai mengeras
Bianglalaku
Indah warnamu
Hentikan sengketa itu
Kerana akan memburuk pesonamu
Sengketamu apa?!
Perebutkan hatiku?!
Lapangkanlah jiwamu
Rekahkanlah senyummu
Sehingga melapangkan ruang untuk hatiku
Berdamailah bianglalaku

Sunday, December 20, 2015

Hari Ibu, Pentingkah

🌹🌻🌺🌷🌸💐🍄🌾🌿

Ibu, Maaf Tak Ada Bunga Untukmu

By: Ustadz Budi Ashari, Lc

Dalam silaturahim saya ke salah seorang senior saya, dengan gurau beliau berkata: Ayo, sudah cari kado belum untuk hari ibu?

Di grup orang-orang baik yang ada di media sosial pun bermunculan berbagai kreasi gambar tentang kemuliaan seorang ibu dan ujungnya: Selamat Hari Ibu.

Saya baru sadar kalau ini adalah bulan di mana hari ibu diperingati. Dari sejak awal, saya katakan bahwa berbagai peringatan hari tersebut jelas bukan karakter agama Islam ini. Tak hanya hari ibu, ada juga hari ayah, hari tembakau, hari kanker, dan entah hari-hari apa yang akan diusulkan kembali setelah ini.

Ini hadir dari kebiasaan sebuah masyarakat yang tidak mampu memenuhi hak seseuatu yang diperingati tersebut. Maka untuk memberikan kepedulian dan perhatian mereka, hari itu diadakan.

Silakan baca sejarah hari-hari tersebut. Hari ibu ini contohnya. Hari yang mulai diramaikan di Amerika ini menjadi hari yang diperingati mengingat masyarakat Amerika adalah masyarakat tanpa ikatan kekeluargaan seperti yang kita kenal dalam Islam. Semakin hari semakin renggang, bahkan bisa tidak saling kenal. Kawin cerai semakin membuat rumit hubungan antara anak dan orang tuanya. Tak ada bab birrul walidain dalam kajian etika mereka. Melihat itu semua, nurani mereka mulai terusik. Ibu yang berjasa –setidaknya- mengandung dan melahirkan, harus dihormati jasanya. Bahkan gereja tak sanggup menyuguhkan moral itu.

Hingga Anna Jarvis tahun 1908 untuk kali pertama membawa bunga yang dibagikan kepada para jemaat yang ada di gereja tempat dahulu ibunya beribadat. Sebelum ini semua, Julia Ward Howe sudah mengkampanyekan ibu untuk keselamatan di Inggris, dalam rangka menyatukan wanita untuk melawan peperangan yang sedang terjadi.

Anna Jarvis memilih waktu Minggu, karena ia ingin menjadi peringatan yang berkekuatan spiritual gereja. Konggres Amerika baru menyepakatinya sebagai hari resmi nasional pada tahun 1914.

Tapi tahukah Anda, kalau Anna Jarvis akhirnya menyesal?

Hanya 9 tahun setelah diresmikannya hari ibu, Amerika mulai berpesta di setiap hari ibu tiba. Dengan dalih menghormati ibu, mereka hanya memanfaatkannya untuk bisnis dan marketing berbagai hadiah di pasar. Sakralitas gereja telah berubah menjadi ajang marketing pasar.

Anna Jarvis menyesal, “Saya berharap bahwa saya tidak memulai hari ini, karena ia telah keluar dari kendalinya.”

Anna mengerahkan sisa hidup dan hartanya untuk mengembalikan hari yang telah disesalinya itu. Dengan semua kemarahannya. Tapi tanpa hasil. Bahkan disebutkan bahwa ia ditangkap tahun 1948 gara-gara demo atas keruhnya hari ibu, dia dianggap mengganggu kesalamatan.

Maaf, apa istimewanya sejarah hari ibu di atas?

Bermula dari pembagian bunga dan hanya berujung pada penjualan bunga. Bermula dari gereja berujung penyesalan. Dan akhirnya penangkapan

Maaf, apa istimewanya?

Cermatilah semua peringatan yang mereka buat. Tak jauh dari suasana seperti itu.

Perlahan tapi pasti, peringatan seperti ini mulai memasuki tubuh muslimin yang tak lagi mempunyai pertahanan kokoh. Termasuk negeri ini. Kita lupa kalau kita ini muslim. Tak memerlukan sebuah hari di mana kita menghormati dan berbakti kepada ibu kita.

Karenanya,

Maaf ibu

Tak ada bunga untukmu

Tidak kartu tak pula makanan kesukaanmu

Hanya di hari ibu

Karena aku sadari sepenuhnya

Kaulah segalanya

Tempatmu hanya sederajat di bawah Allah dan Rasul-Nya

Tiga kali lipat di atas ayah kau lebih mulia

Surga ada di bawah telapak kakimu

Kau pintu surga anak-anakmu

Makhluk yang paling berhak terhadap diriku adalah dirimu

Perintah Al-Quran untuk bakti hanya menyebut jasamu

Al Adabul Mufrod karya Al Bukhari membuka dengan bab tentangmu

Doa ampunan dan kasih sayang selalu terkirimkan untukmu

Setelah amal dan dalam sujud panjangku selalu kado doa untukmu

Bahkan,

Bakti kepadamu tak terhenti setelah tiadamu

Untuk mengantar yang terbaik hingga peristirahatan indahmu

Untuk semua janji, kewajiban, dan wasiatmu

Untuk saudara dan kerabatmu

Untuk teman baikmu

Karena seluruh hidupku untukmu,

di setiap hela nafasku

Sadar, tawaf menggendongmu tak mampu membalas setetes air susumu

Dan,

Karena bakti tak mengenal hari.

Wednesday, November 25, 2015

Bungkam Tak Bersua-Sayuti

BUNGKAM TAK BERSUA

Untuk : saudariku semuslim

Dunia tau jua..
Namun bungkam tak bersua.
Mereka berceloteh tentang kemanusiaan...
Namun bisu dalam keadilan.

Dunia tau jua..
Namun bungkam tak bersua.
Tragedi eifel memaksa mencongkel mata...
Atas saksi serapah pada penderita.

Dunia tau jua..
Namun bungkam tak bersua.
Dunia berduka dalam kalam...
Namun Angkuh dalam kelam.

Tuduhan tak berdalil
Terlontar fitnah pembenaran
Ludah terbuang, lalu menjilat kembali
Kita laksanakan buih terhempas ombak

Tak nampak lagi persatuan tubuh!
Tak terdengar lagi duka piluh!
Tak rasa lagi luka menyeluruh!
Ta ada lagi dukamu duka ku!

2015

(Sayuti)

SOAL BAHSA INGGRIS KLS XII UAS GANJIL 2015/2016


LEMBARAN SOAL
Mata Pelajaran          : Bahasa Inggris
Sat. Pendidikan       : SMA Moh. Husni Thamrin

Kelas / Program     : XII (Dua Belas ) IPS
Waktu                     : 120 Menit

PETUNJUK UMUM
1.    Tulis nomor dan nama Anda pada lembar jawaban yang disediakan
2.    Periksa dan bacalah soal dengan teliti sebelum Anda bekerja
3.    Kerjakanlah soal anda pada lembar jawaban
4.    Gunakan waktu dengan efektif dan efisien
5.    Periksalah pekerjaan anda sebelum diserahkan kepada Pengawas
 


The following text is for questions 1 to 5

       Once upon a time, a man had a wonderful parrot. There was no other parrot like it. The parrot could  say every word, except one word.  The parrot would not say the nameof the place where it was born. The name of the place was Catano.
       The man felt excited having the smartest parrot, but he could not understand why the parrot would not say Catano. The man tried to teach the bird tosay Catano; however the bird kept not saying the word.
       At first, the man was very nice to the bird, but then he got very angry. “You stupid bird” pointed the man to the parrot. “Why can’t you say the word ? Say Catano! Or I will kill you” the man said angrily. Although he tried hard to teach, the parrot would not say it.Then the man got so angry and shouted to the bird over and over. “ Say Catano or I’ll kill you.” The birb kept not saying the word Catano.
       One day after he had been trying so many times to make the bird say Catano, the man really got very angry. He could not bear it. He picked the parrot and threw it into  the chicken house. There were four old chikens for next dinner. “you are as stupid as the chickens. Just stay with them.” Said the man angrily. Then he continue to humble. “you know, I will cut the chicken for my meal. Next it will be your turn, I will eat you too, stupid parrot.” After that he left the chicken house.
       The next day, the man came back to the chicken house. He opened the door and was very surprised. He could not believe what he saw at the chickens on the floor. At the moment, the parrot was standing proudly and screaming at the last old chicken. “Say Catano or I’ll kill you.”



1.      What  did the parrot do in the chicken house ?
a.       It did nothing
b.      It sang loudly
c.       It made three chickens dead
d.      It cried
e.       It slept
2.      Which statement is NOT TRUE according to the text ?
a.    The parrot could only say a few words.
b.    Finally, the parrot could say ‘ Catano’.
c.    The bird was born in Catano.
d.    At first, the man felt excited having the smartest parrot.
e.    The man pick the parrot and threw it into the chicken house.
3.      What is the purpose of the text ?
a.   To retell experience
b.   To describe something
c.   To entertain the readers.
d.   To persuade the readers
e.   To tell something step by step
4.      The man felt excited having the smartest parrot, but he could not understand….
The similar meaning of the bold typed word is …
a.   good
b.   sorry
c.   happy
d.   annoyed
e.   disappointed
5.      Why was the man very angry ? Because the parrot…
a.   was very smart
b.   was very stupid
c.   always say Catano
d.   kept on saying Catano
e.   did not want to say Catano



This text is for questions 6 to 7

To All International English College Students
                   All students can borrow up to 6 books at a time. Books may be kept for a maximum of fourteen days. A fine of Rp. 5.000.00 a day will be charged for overdue books. Magazines and newspapers may not be brought home. The use of a card belonging to another person is not permitted.

6.      How long can students borrow books?
a. One week
b. One month
c. Two months
d. Three weeks
e. Two weeks
7.      What will happen if the students are late to return the books ?
a. They should pay the fine
b. The librarian will be angry
c. They must make a new card
d. They will nor be permitted to borrow again
e. They should replace the books with te new ones

This text is for questions 8 to 11

Birds have a body ‘designed’ for flight. Their bones are light, with spaces full of air, body tapered. They have powerful muscles to move their wings, and breastbone like a ship’s prow to cut throughthe air! Their wings are specially shaped, and like the tail, have feathers of many shaped and textures, according to their job. Birds’ flight can be gliding or beating.In the gliding ,flight, the bird slides  through the air, wings stretched out, quite still, carriede by current of air. In beating flight, the bird moves its wings like oars, using its tail like a rudder to change to changes direction.
Most birds take off almost vertically from land or water, body straight and wings beating quikly. Once in the air, it leans its body forward and the wings beat more sloly. For landing, the movements are reversed-straightening its body and beating its wings quickly before landing.



8.      What is the text talk about ? It talks about …
a.   how  birds take off
b.   how birds run
c.   how birds fly
d.   how birds walk
e.   how birds landing
9.      The birds’ bones are …
a.   solid and strong
b.   light and brittle
c.   light and spherical
d.   light, with spaces full of air, body tapered
e.   solid, with spaces full of air, body tapered
10.  “Their wings are specially shaped, and like the tail, have feathers of many shapes and …(par. 2 ) The word ‘shapes means …
a.   Forms
b.   Ships
c.   Parts
d.   Appearance
e.   Characteristics
11.  In ‘beating ‘ flight a bird uses its tail to…
a. change direction
b  slide through the air
c  make the body straight
d. straighten its body before landing
e. make its body carried by currents of air



This text is for questions 12 to 15

Mobiles : Good or bad ?
Everywhere you go nowadays, you see people using mobiles. From school children  to retired people, you see them talking in the supermarkets, on trains, in the street, everywhere! So what are the advantages of mobiles?
First of all they are very convenient because you can phone from nearly anywhere. Another advantage is that they are really useful in emergency situations. For example, if you are alone in your car and it breaks down, you can get help quickly. In addition, you can also use your mobile to text your friends or connect to the internet.
However, There are disadvantages such as the cost. Some mobiles calls still cost more than normal calls. Furthermore, it can be annoying if you are on a train or a bus and you have to listen to someone else’s boring conversation. Another disadvantage is that peole can contect you anywhere, at any time, unless you switch your phone off!
In conclusion, there are both advantages and disadvantages to mobiles. Personally I feel mobiles are a good thing because they give us more freedom and make communication easier.



12.  What is the purpose of the text ?
a.   To present an issue from two point of view.
b.   To explain why something happens
c.   To describe the way things are
d.   To criticize a literary work.
e.   To entertain the readers.
13.  The following are the advantages of having mobiles, except
a.   We can call someone from everywhere.
b.   It is important in emergency situations.
c.   We can connect to the internet.
d.   We can send messages to friends.
e.   People can contact us anytime anywhere.
14.  What is the writer’s opinion about mobiles?
a.   He/she thinks that mobiles are not good for people.
b.   He/she thinks that mobiles are beneficial.
c.   He/she doesn’t need mobiles
d.   He/she thinks that mobiles are unnecessary.
e.   He/she thinks that mobiles are the best gadget for communication.
15.  “… and it breaks down ….” (par. 2). What does the word ‘it ‘ refer to ?
a.   The mobile
b.   The situation
c.   The bus
d.   The car
e.   The train.



This text is for questions 16 to 17
Dear Tania
We have known each other for such a long time, and been friends for many years. I am writing you this short letter to thank you for being such a great friend.
I am in senior one now, and stil have few more years to go. I work hard here. My result are also very good. I may even think about going to university after finishing high school.
What have you been doing lately ? Is everything okaywith you ? Write me sometimes when you have time.
 Thanks again and I hope to hear from you soon.
Best Wishes,

Rihanna



16.  Which of the following is not true based on the text ?
a.   Rihanna got good grades at school.
b.   Rihanna studies in senior high school.
c.   Tania wrote the letter for Rihanna.
d.   Tania and Rihanna are good friends.
e.   Rihanna plans to continue her study in a university.
17.  What is the purpose of the writer by writing the letter ?
a.   To thank her friend for being a true friend.
b.   To tell her past experience.
c.   To invite her friend to visit.
d.   To ask for an apology.
e.   This text is for question 18 to 21 To ask for a favour.




The Sumatran elephant’s habitat is Sumatra, Indonesia. The average male elephant reaches eight feet high and weighs up to six tons. A baby elephant can weigh up to one ton. The males are always larger than the females. They are massive creatures.
An elephant has a trunk, two tusks, two eyes, two ears and two lumps on its head. It is known to be a clever animal. When a elephant is hot, it fans itself by flapping its ears back and forth. When an elephant herd wants to move, they use their ears as a guide. Their hearing range is very large. Elephants hear some noises that cannot be heard by human’s ears.
 Sumatran elephants have enough strength to knock down a tree. They can also pick up a log using their trunk and their tusks. They trunk is their nose. They also use it like a hand. Just below their trunk, they have their tusks. Only make Sumatran
elephants have tusks. A baby elephant is called a calf, the females are called cows.                


18. The text describes....
a. a wild elephant
b. a baby elephant
c. the Sumatran elephant
d. the Indonesian elephant
e. male Sumatran elephant
19. What guides an elephant herd when they want to move?
a.    Their ears
b.    Their feet
c.    Their nose
d.    Their trunk
e.    Their tusks
20. Which statement is NOT TRUE about the Sumatran elephant ?
a. The males has tusks
b. They have big ears
c. They flap their ears to cool themselves
d. Male elephant are larger than the females
e. The Sumatran elephants are not easy to rain
21. “When an elephant herd wants to move…. (Paragraph 2)
        The underline word has the closest meaning to….
a.    Group
b.    Place
c.    Animal
d.    Cage
e.    Trunk



This text is for question 22 to 26
SINGAPORE : A supervisor was jailed for two months for repeatedly striking his Indonesian maid on the head and back with a television remote control, news reports said on Thursday.
Muhamad Shafiq Woon Abdullah amitted in Singapore court. He physically abused the woman on several accosions between June and October 2002, The Straits time Said.
The magistrate’s court heard that Shafiq, 31;began striking Winarti, 22, about a month after she started working for him.
He hit her on the head with the TV set’s remote control because he was unhappy with her homework. On one accosion, he punched her on the back after accusing her of daydreaming.
S.S Dhillon, Shafiqs lawyer, said his client had become mad when he saw his daughter’s face covered as she laid in bed.
He said his client thought the maid had put the child in danger.



22. What is the news about ?
a.    An Indonesian maid jailed in Singapore
b.    A supervisor killed his Indonesian maid
c.    A man was jailed for more than two months.
d.    A man was jailed for striking  his Indonesian maid.
e.    A man confessed for striking his Indonesian maid.
23. Who defended Shafiq in the court ?
a.    Winani
b.    S.S. Dhillon
c.    The reporter
d.    The supervisor
e.    The magistrate
24. How did Shafiq hit his maid ?
a.    With his head
b.    With his hand
c.    With his hand and a TV set
d.    With his hand and a remote control
e.    With a TV set and a remote control
25. When did Shafiq physically abuse the woman ?
a.    Between June and October 2002
b.    on several occasion
c.    on October 31
d.    on June 22
e.    any time
26. Why did Shafiq punch Winarti on her back ?
       She was accused of….
a.       Talking munc time for herself
b.      Leaving her work
c.       Working carelessly
d.      Daydreaming
e.       Being lazy



This text is for questions 27 to 29
The amount of water on Earth remains constant, but it is continually moving around the Earth and its atmosphere in a process called the water cycle. It exists as a liquid (water) in seas, rivers and clouds; it freezes into a solid (ice) as snow and hail; and it also exists as an invisible gas in the air.
When the sun heats up water in rivers, lakes and seas, it changes from a liquid into a gas called water vapour. This process is known as evaporation. As the water vapour rises into the atmosphere, it cools and condemses and forms clouds.As the cloud droplets move around, they collide with each other ang grow bigger. When they are heavy enough, they fall as rain, and the water flows back into rivers, lakes, and seas.



27. The text is about….
a.    Water
b.    Water vapour
c.    Water cycle
d.    Water flow
e.    Water condensation
28. When does water change from a liquid into a gas ?
a.    When the amount of water Earth changes.
b.    When the sun heats up water in rivers, lakes and seas.
c.    When the water vapour forms tiny droplets.
d.    When the cloud droplets move around.
e.    When the droplets collide with each other
29. “It freezes into a solid (ice) as snow and hail”
       The underline word is similar to….
a.    Liquid
b.    Fluid
c.    Soft
d.    Compact
e.    Gas



This text is for questions 30 to 32
Hotel Cannero
28051 Cannero Riviera, Italy
Phone : 323788046
Waiter/ waitresses(2), Swimming Pool Attendants
Bar Staff

Around $ 150 per week, 12 hours per day, 6 days per week. Free board and accommodation. Knowledge of German, Italian or French required. Priod of work 3 or 6 months between end of  March and end of Oktober. Applicant should be fit and healthy, organized and clean. Applications from 25th March to the end and sent to Maria Caria at the above address.



30. What is the text about ?
a. A week tour to Italy.
b. A job Vacancy in Hotel Cannero.
            c. A healthy and clean environment.
            d. The description of Cannero Riviera
            e. A three -day tour to European countries.
31. Who is the addressee of this advertisement ?
a. All who are fit and healthy
b. Those who can serve foreigners
c. All who meet the requirements mentioned.
d. Those who can speak  two foreign languages.
e. The educated people who can handle service job.
32. Those who are accepted to work for the hotel
       a. are mostly Italians.
       b. will get accommodation
       c. are under control of Maria Caria
       d. will take control of each department
       e. will start working between march and oktober



This text is for questions 33 to 35

What Causes Weather ?
       Weather is the physical condition of the atmosphere at a particular time and place. It includes temperature, air pressure and water content.
       Weather is produced when air move from place to place. This moving air is known as wind. Winds are formed when the cooler air moves in to replace the rising warm air . Warm air is usually less dense than cool air; therefore, it creates low air pressure. Cool air is more dense and creates high air pressure.
       Usually we have fine weather when the air pressure is high and there are clouds , rain and snow when the air pressure drop.



33. Which of the following is not true according to the text ?
       a. Weathre is the physical condition of the atmosphere at a particular time.
       b. Weather is fine when the air pressure drops.
       c. Cool air creates high air pressure.
       d. Warm air is usually less dense than cool air.
       e. Weather happens when air moves from place to place.
34. What does the text explain ?
       a. Moving air
       b. Air pressure.
       c. Low air pressure.
       d. Types of weather.
       e. The formation of weather.
35. “Warm air is usually less dense than cool air ….”(parag. 2 ). The underlined word has the opposite meaning to ….
       a. spare                        d. heavy
       b. solid
       c. thick             e. compact